In agriculture, there are many types of horticuture plants, fruits and vegetables alike. Of course, the caring and conditions needed by them are all unique and different. Proper knowledge is needed specially if you want to implement intercropping as an effective way to optimize your land use.
Advantages of Intercropping:
- Intercropping gives additional yield income/unit area than sole cropping.
- Intercropping with cash crops is higher profitable.
- Reduction in soil runoff and controls weeds.
- Intercrops provide shade and support to the other crop.
- Intercropping maintain the soil fertility as the nutrient uptake is made from both layers of soil.
- Intercropping system utilizes resources efficiently and their productivity is increased (Redid and Reddy, 1992).
- It helps to avoid inter-crop competition an thus a higher number of crop plants are grown per unit area.
- It acts as an insurance against failure of crops in abnormal year.
Disadvantages of Intercropping:
- Harvesting is difficult.
- Yield decreases as the crops differ in their competitive abilities.
- Management of I/c having different cultural practices seems to be difficult task.
- Improved implements cannot be used efficiently.
- Higher amount of fertilizer or irrigation water cannot be utilized properly as the component crops vary in their response of these resources.