In farming various types of horticulture plants like vegetables and fruits, Indonesian farmers generally use seedbeds and mounds. Both are used as planting media for growth and development.
Seedbeds and mounds generally mean the same thing and both words are used interchangeably by farmers.
Seedbeds or mounds are made first by plowing the farmland, then harrowing, then you arrange your fine soil with certain length, width, and height. Generally, seedbeds have their own particular optimum dimensions for different plants. For example, for chili crops, the ideal dimension would be 30 cm in height, 70-100 cm in width, and the length would depend on how big your land is.
These are known functions of seedbeds or mounds:
- As growing media for several horticulture plants
- To protect plants from pests and diseases
- To control humidity, pH, temperature, and water accumulation in soil
- For several types of plants like yams, potatoes, peanuts, or water chestnuts, a proportional seedbed will have height at least 30 cm to stimulate the growth of the tuber
- To make your plants sturdier with seedbeds that are suitable for your plant’s morphology
- To make irrigation easier and prevent plants from rotting from excess water accumulation
- For aesthetic purpose to keep your crops tidy
- Ease farmers in plants observation and management including watering, weeding, and harvesting.
So those are the eight known functions of seedbeds and mounds, I hope this helps.