Rhizobium leguminosarum bacteria is a species of bacteria that can be very beneficial to your crops and your land in the world of agriculture. This is because Rhizobium leguminosarum bacteria can fixate free nitrogen in the atmosphere that cannot be done solely by plants. These bacteria are usually in a symbiotic relationship with roots nodules of legumonoceae plants.
At the roots of nut and legume plants, you can find a lot of Rhizobium leguminosarum bacteria near the root cap. This can be seen clearly using binocular microscope or electron microscope.
Peanut Plants with Rhizobium leguminosarum Bacteria on Their Root Nodules
Here are several benefits or advantages of Rhizobium leguminosarum bacteria:
- They can fertilize farming land
- They can fertilize plants around the area
- In crop rotation technique, farmers usually plant nut or legume plants once in a while like long beans, soy beans, peanuts, etc in order to keep Rhizobium leguminosarum bacteria active
- Rhizobium leguminosarum bacteria are also known as the pioneer bacteria because their chemical and mechanical activities can give your finer, looser soil that is most suitable for farming
- They can keep soil humidity and acidity stabile in its most optimum state so your next crop can adapt to its new environment easily
- You next crop after nut or legume plants with a lot of Rhizobium leguminosarum bacteria can germinate and grow faster
- They can help in keeping your soil fertile by keeping the nutrients in
- Some scientists believe that Rhizobium leguminosarum bacteria help the decomposition of excess nutrients in soil before being absorbed through xylem in the roots of your plants
With those benefits, it is recommended to implement the crop rotation system on your farming land to keep Rhizobium leguminosarum bacteria active.