- Baculovirus Bio-insecticides
Baculovirus Bio-insecticides is used to eradicate farm pests like caterpillars on corns, beetles on potatoes, pests on cotton trees, fleas, leaf beetles, and other types of parasitical insects.
Baculovirus eaten by insects does not cause immediate death thus allowing the virus to infect other insects. However, on certain occasions, farmers often use baculovirus to mass kill insects and the target is the heavily infected crop with damaged leaves, flowers, young stems, and even ripe fruits.
Drosophilla melanogaster, or commonly known as fruit flies, is the type of insects that usually damage and destroy ripe fruits. This type of flies can be killed effectively using baculovirus bio-insecticides.
Damaged leaves by insects can also be taken care of by this baculovirus, leaving strong, whole leaves.
- Manipulated Insect Pheromone
Controlling pests and diseases in an ecosystem can be done with the help of modern biotechnology in agriculture through manipulated insect pheromone.
Pheromone is chemical substance that is produced by an organism as a chemical communication signal between each other in a species. For example, when a bee is disturbed by a human, then the bee will secrete certain pheromone to call for its friends to help this bee from the threat of a predator, in this case, the human. Another example would be the sex pheromone that functions as sex stimulator on males and females.
With pheromone manipulation, it is hoped to lower the population of parasitical and pathogenic pests by preventing their mating and reproduction around horticultural farming areas.