Advantages and Disadvantages of Specialized Farming in Agriculture are:
1. Better use of land: More profitable to grow crops on land best suited to it. E.g. jute growing or cultivation on swampy land in west Bengal.
2. Better marketing: it allows grading, processing, storing, transporting and financing the produce.
3. Less equipment and labour.
4. Costly and efficient machinery can be kept: A wheat harvester thresher can be maintained in a highly specialized wheat farm.
5. The efficiency and skill of the labor increased: Specialization allows a man to be more efficient and expert at doing a few things.
6. Farm records can be maintained easily.
7. Intensity of production leads to relatively large amount of output.
8. Better management: fewer enterprises on the farm are liable to be less neglected and sources of wastage can easily be detected.
These disadvantages of specialization are evident when the farmer realizes that “all his eggs are in one basket”.
1. There is greater risk: When failure of crop and decreasing market price of the product, demand in market of product.
2. It is not possible to maintain soil fertility-lack of crop rotation.
3. The productive resources i.e. land; labor and capital are not fully utilized.
4. Irregular income of the farm as they get income only once or twice in a year.
5. Proper Utilization of resources is not possible.
6. By product of crop are not property utilized, as numbers of livestock’s are less in number.
7. Due to specialization of a single enterprise, the knowledge about other enterprises vainness.
8. Does not help in supplying all the food needs of the family members of the farmer.